Jonas Svanström

Jonas Svanström[1, 2]

Male 1754 - 1811  (56 years)

Personal Information    |    Notes    |    Sources    |    All

  • Name Jonas Svanström 
    Born 30 Jul 1754  Gärdserum, Östergötland, Sweden Find all individuals with events at this location  [3
    Address:
    Kamdalen u Svenserum 
    Christened 4 Aug 1754  Gärdserum, Östergötland, Sweden Find all individuals with events at this location  [3
    Gender Male 
    Residence 1785  Västervik, Kalmar, Sweden Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Emigration 29 Mar 1787  Gärdserum, Östergötland, Sweden Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Address:
    Brunnsvik u Nannersbo 
    Emigration 1789  Gärdserum, Östergötland, Sweden Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Address:
    Åkerhagen u Svenserum 
    Died 1811  Gärdserum, Östergötland, Sweden Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Person ID I121  Swanstrom
    Last Modified 18 Nov 2021 

    Father Peter Jönsson Cavat,   b. Abt 1732, Sweden Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1759, Demmin, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 27 years) 
    Mother Cajsa Ingrid Johansdotter,   b. 16 Aug 1734, Locknevi, Kalmar, Sweden Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Abt 1780, Gärdserum, Östergötland, Sweden Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 45 years) 
    Married 14 Oct 1753  Gärdserum, Östergötland, Sweden Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Married 14 Oct 1753  Gärdserum, Östergötland, Sweden Find all individuals with events at this location  [4
    Address:
    Prästgården 
    Family ID F371  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Maria Christina Holmström,   b. 23 Mar 1753, Västervik, Kalmar, Sweden Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1811, Gärdserum, Östergötland, Sweden Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 57 years) 
    Married 8 Oct 1779  Dalhem, Kalmar, Sweden Find all individuals with events at this location  [5
    Children 
     1. Johan Magnus Jönsson,   b. 1 Apr 1780, Västervik, Kalmar, Sweden Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1808  (Age 27 years)
     2. Ingrid Katarina Svanström,   b. 19 Jun 1782, Västervik, Kalmar, Sweden Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 16 Jan 1859, Gärdserum, Östergötland, Sweden Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 76 years)
     3. Jonas Peter Svanström,   b. 5 Mar 1785, Västervik, Kalmar, Sweden Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 9 Dec 1786, Västervik, Kalmar, Sweden Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 1 years)
     4. Nils Gustaf Svanström,   b. 2 Sep 1787, Gärdserum, Östergötland, Sweden Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 7 Jun 1854, Åtvid, Östergötland, Sweden Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 66 years)
     5. Gustava Svanström,   b. 25 Sep 1791, Gärdserum, Östergötland, Sweden Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 6 Jun 1867, Åtvid, Östergötland, Sweden Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 75 years)
     6. Jonas Svanström,   b. 24 Dec 1794, Gärdserum, Östergötland, Sweden Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 3 Mar 1881, Gärdserum, Östergötland, Sweden Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 86 years)
     7. Maja Stina Jönsdotter,   b. 7 May 1798, Gärdserum, Östergötland, Sweden Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 8 Sep 1798, Gärdserum, Östergötland, Sweden Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 0 years)
    Last Modified 8 Dec 2021 
    Family ID F56  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Notes 
    • He was a cavalry soldier and grenadier, joining the army in 1787. He served in Tjust Company of the Andra Livgrenadjärregementet. He would have served in Gustav III's Russian War (Gustav III:s ryska krig) 1788-1790, the First War Against Napoléon (Första kriget mot Napoleon) 1805-1810, and the Finnish War (Finska kriget) 1808-1809.

      He has been identified with the Jonas who was born 30 July 1754 at Gärdserum to Peter Jönsson Cavat and Ingrid Johansdotter. Centrala Soldatregistret, the Swedish central soldier's registry, says he was born 30 July 1754, but the 1805-13 household survey says he was born 10 July 1754 in Gärdserum. There was no Jonas born 10 July 1754 in Gärdserum. Barbro Behrendtz (2005), who has made an extensive study of the families in Gärdserum parish, says Peter Cavat's son Jonas is otherwise unaccounted for in later records, and so is the only child who could have been Jonas Svanström.

      Was he the Jonas in Västervik in 1770 and 1773?

      Jonas gave various ages for himself. The 1780 household survey says he was 26 (born in 1754). However, on the 1783 household survey he said he was 31, which would mean he was born in 1752. On the 1785-86 household survey he stated he was born in 1752. When he joined the army in 1787 he stated he was born about 1760, making himself out to be several years younger than he had previously reported.

      Swedes did not necessarily use hereditary surnames at this time, and christening records rarely show the child's surname. Also, children rarely adopted their fathers' military surnames. So, there is no inconsistency with Jonas Svanström being the son of Peter Cavat.

      The source of Jonas' surname, Svanström, is not clear. He had the name before he joined the army, so it is not a military surname. Once adopted, surnames often became hereditary. Jonas might have been a great nephew of Ingeborg Persdotter Svanström. If so, Jonas used the surname his father Peter would have had before adopting the military surname Cavat. However, unrelated families often adopted the same surname, and it is possible Jonas was the first to adopt the surname Svanström. In that event, he might have created it from Svenserum, where he was born. It was a common practice to create surnames out of a part of a place name, and Sven- often became Svan-. For example, four of the soldiers who served from Tingetorp in Gärdserum adopted the military surname Tingström, one soldier from Svenserum in Gärdserum adopted the military surname Gerdström, and a soldier from Gullebo adopted the surname Gullqvist.

      His father Peter Cavat died when Jonas was five. Barbro Behnrenz says his mother appears on parish rolls, still a widow in old age. Jonas probably went to Västervik as a child.

      The 1770-76 Household Survey of Västervik shows a (Jonas Svaström?), age 17 in 1770, as the eldest child in the household of (Måns Larsson?), age 51, at No. 79 in the Western Quarter (AI:2, about p. 31). This family has entries for 1771 and 1773, but the 1776 entry is blank. They were two families living in one house.

      The 1771-74 survey of the Eastern Quarter shows what appears to be a Jonas Sjöstrom, age not given, in the household of Olof Larsson (age 76), at No. 105, and another Jonas Svaström, age 52, with a son Jan, age 16, at No. 104 (AI:2, about p. 54).

      The 1780-84 household survey of Västervik shows him at No. 49 Western Quarter with his wife and mother-in-law in the household of Peter Edberg. If I am reading the entry correctly, Cajsa Skog was father's mother of Peter Edberg, who was therefore an uncle of Jonas' wife. The 1780-82 communion rolls for Västervik show Jonas and his wife under Timmerman (Carpenters) (p. 156). His mother-in-law was living with them - Cajsa Skoug. He was also described as a carpenter in the 1780 and 1782 christening records of his children. The 1783 communion rolls for Västervik show him and his wife under Repslagare (Ropemakers) (p. 177), and he appears as a ropemaker on the 1785-86 household roll and on the 1785 christening record of his son Johan Peter. The family was also listed on the 1785-86 household roll at No. 28 Western Quarter, in the household of Maria Bengtsdotter, widow of seaman Anders Loftanders. Jonas' mother-in-law died in 1786. He and his wife were listed on the 1785 communion roll (p. 113), with a note that they moved to Gärdserum on 29 March 1787 with another person.

      At Gärdserum, Jonas and his wife lived at Brunsvik, as evidenced by the christening record of their son. Two years later, on 2 May 1789, Jonas enlisted in the army, in Tjust Company of the Old Life Grenadier Regiment. At that time the Swedish government funded the army by requiring soldiers to support themselves on government-owned crofts. Jonas was assigned to live at Åkerhagen (Rytt Torp (that is, cavalry croft) No. 48 Svenserum), a soldier's croft in Gärdserum. According to his enlistment papers Jonas was born about 1760 (recte 1754) and was 5'8" tall. He appears on the 1805-1813 household rolls, the earliest for this parish, as "Lif Gr. Jonas Svanström."

      The rusthållare, or man responsible for equipping Jonas as a soldier, was farmer Erik Gerdeman (1710-1779), the same man who had equipped Jonas' father, who had also served at Svenserum.

      In his children's christening records, Jonas was called Ryttaren (cavalry soldier) in 1787 and 1791, Lif Grenadieren (Life Grenadier) in 1794, and Grenadieren in 1798. An 1803 military roll shows that he was sick at the hospital. He was listed on an 1805 roll. From 1805 to 1813 he is shown on the household survey at Åkerhagen. He seems to have retired in 1809 during the war with Finland, as the 1811 roll shows that his successor at Åkerhagen had served for 2 years.

      In 1811 the only child remaining at home was the youngest, Jonas. The elder Jonas and his wife Maja died sometime in or after 1811, probably at Åkerhagen. The 1814-1823 clerical survey does not list either of them at Åkerhagen.

      -- MERGED NOTE ------------

      He was a cavalry soldier and grenadier, joining the army in 1787. He served in Tjust Company of the Andra Livgrenadjärregementet. He would have served in Gustav III's Russian War (Gustav III:s ryska krig) 1788-1790, the First War Against Napoléon (Första kriget mot Napoleon) 1805-1810, and the Finnish War (Finska kriget) 1808-1809.

      He has been identified with the Jonas who was born 30 July 1754 at Gärdserum to Peter Jönsson Cavat and Ingrid Johansdotter. Centrala Soldatregistret, the Swedish central soldier's registry, says he was born 30 July 1754, but the 1805-13 household survey says he was born 10 July 1754 in Gärdserum. There was no Jonas born 10 July 1754 in Gärdserum. Barbro Behrendtz (2005), who has made an extensive study of the families in Gärdserum parish, says Peter Cavat's son Jonas is otherwise unaccounted for in later records, and so is the only child who could have been Jonas Svanström.

      Jonas gave various ages for himself. The 1780 household survey says he was 26 (born in 1754). However, on the 1783 household survey he said he was 31, which would mean he was born in 1752. On the 1785-86 household survey he stated he was born in 1752. When he joined the army in 1787 he stated he was born about 1760, making himself out to be several years younger than he had previously reported.

      Swedes did not necessarily use hereditary surnames at this time, and christening records rarely show the child's surname. Also, children rarely adopted their fathers' military surnames. So, there is no inconsistency with Jonas Svanström being the son of Peter Cavat.

      The source of Jonas' surname, Svanström, is not clear. He had the name before he joined the army, so it is not a military surname. Once adopted, surnames often became hereditary. Jonas might have been a great nephew of Ingeborg Persdotter Svanström. If so, Jonas used the surname his father Peter would have had before adopting the military surname Cavat. However, unrelated families often adopted the same surname, and it is possible Jonas was the first to adopt the surname Svanström. In that event, he might have created it from Svenserum, where he was born. It was a common practice to create surnames out of a part of a place name, and Sven- often became Svan-. For example, four of the soldiers who served from Tingetorp in Gärdserum adopted the military surname Tingström, one soldier from Svenserum in Gärdserum adopted the military surname Gerdström, and a soldier from Gullebo adopted the surname Gullqvist.

      His father Peter Cavat died when Jonas was five. Jonas' mother Ingrid probably remarried. Jonas probably went to Västervik as a child.

      The 1770-76 Household Survey of Västervik shows a (Jonas Svaström?), age 17 in 1770, as the eldest child in the household of (Måns Larsson?), age 51, at No. 79 in the Western Quarter (AI:2, about p. 31). This family has entries for 1771 and 1773, but the 1776 entry is blank. Måns Larsson might have been Jonas' step-father.

      The 1771-74 survey of the Eastern Quarter shows what appears to be a Jonas Sjöstrom, age not given, in the household of Olof Larsson (age 76), at No. 105, and another Jonas Svaström, age 52, with a son Jan, age 16, at No. 104 (AI:2, about p. 54).

      The 1780-84 household survey of Västervik shows him at No. 49 Western Quarter with his wife and mother-in-law in the household of Peter Edberg. If I am reading the entry correctly, Cajsa Skog was father's mother of Peter Edberg, who was therefore an uncle of Jonas' wife. The 1780-82 communion rolls for Västervik show Jonas and his wife under Timmerman (Carpenters) (p. 156). His mother-in-law was living with them - Cajsa Skoug. He was also described as a carpenter in the 1780 and 1782 christening records of his children. The 1783 communion rolls for Västervik show him and his wife under Repslagare (Ropemakers) (p. 177), and he appears as a ropemaker on the 1785-86 household roll and on the 1785 christening record of his son Johan Peter. The family was also listed on the 1785-86 household roll at No. 28 Western Quarter, in the household of Maria Bengtsdotter, widow of seaman Anders Loftanders. Jonas' mother-in-law died in 1786. He and his wife were listed on the 1785 communion roll (p. 113), with a note that they moved to Gärdserum on 29 March 1787 with another person.

      At Gärdserum, Jonas and his wife lived at Brunsvik, as evidenced by the christening record of their son. Two years later, on 2 May 1789, Jonas enlisted in the army, in Tjust Company of the Old Life Grenadier Regiment. At that time the Swedish government funded the army by requiring soldiers to support themselves on government-owned crofts. Jonas was assigned to live at Åkerhagen (Rytt Torp (that is, cavalry croft) No. 48 Svenserum), a soldier's croft in Gärdserum. According to his enlistment papers Jonas was born about 1760 (recte 1754) and was 5'8" tall. He appears on the 1805-1813 household rolls, the earliest for this parish, as "Lif Gr. Jonas Svanström."

      The rusthållare, or man responsible for equipping Jonas as a soldier, was farmer Erik Gerdeman (1710-1779), the same man who had equipped Jonas' father, who had also served at Svenserum.

      In his children's christening records, Jonas was called Ryttaren (cavalry soldier) in 1787 and 1791, Lif Grenadieren (Life Grenadier) in 1794, and Grenadieren in 1798. An 1803 military roll shows that he was sick at the hospital. He was listed on an 1805 roll. From 1805 to 1813 he is shown on the household survey at Åkerhagen. He seems to have retired in 1809 during the war with Finland, as the 1811 roll shows that his successor at Åkerhagen had served for 2 years.

      In 1811 the only child remaining at home was the youngest, Jonas. The elder Jonas and his wife Maja died sometime in or after 1811, probably at Åkerhagen. The 1814-1823 clerical survey does not list either of them at Åkerhagen.

  • Sources 
    1. [S999] 1805-1813 Household Survey, Gärdserum, 151.

    2. [S1000] 1785-1786 Clerical Survey, Västervik.

    3. [S647] Christening record.

    4. [S341] Marriage record.

    5. [S367] Barbro Behrendtz (2005-2010).